Have you ever tried to learn a foreign language? Of all the words in the dictionary, there are a few stock phrases you absolutely have to know.

“Where’s the bathroom?”

“Please take me to the airport.”

The fleet tax and licensing world has a language of its own, too. If you’re new, it’s important to know the basics so you can communicate effectively, especially if you’re operating outside your home province.

One place to start is to learn the acronyms and what they stand for. Here are 10 acronyms and phrases you should know if you’re starting out in fleet tax compliance. Learn them first and you’ll feel way more confident and informed when you have to call about motor vehicle licensing, fuel tax, and other tax matters at your fleet.

USDOT Number

If you move freight or passengers in the U.S., your company must be have a USDOT registration number. Issued by the U.S. Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration, this is the one number the DOT uses to identify you when collecting and monitoring your safety information.

MC

MC stands for Motor Carrier. It identifies a carrier that transports regulated goods for hire in interstate commerce and is linked to your operating authority. The MC number is a hold-out from the old days when trucking was regulated as a public need and convenience.

EIN

To get your USDOT number, you need a federal Employer Identification Number from the IRS. Yup, even Canadian carriers need to apply for this number. For reference, the Canadian equivalent is the federal business number issued by the Canada Revenue Agency.

BOC-3

A BOC-3 is actually not an acronym but a form number. It’s a United States federal filing that designates legal agents upon which process may be served. It’s often required before certain federal operating authorities can be granted within the United States. In trucking, you can’t get an MC number without a BOC-3.

NSC or SFC

In Canada, the rules governing commercial vehicles, drivers, and motor carriers are based on National Safety Code (NSC) standards. The NSC is a set of 15 performance standards ranging from commercial driver licence requirements to carrier facility audits.

While it’s called a “national” code, trucking regulations in Canada are administered by provincial government agencies and there are real differences among them. All provinces issue something called a National Safety Code (NSC) number or a Safety Fitness Certificate (SFC).

CVOR or RIN

Most provinces refer to a Safety Fitness Certificate or National Safety Code Certificate. However, Ontario carriers apply for something called a CVOR certificate which stands for Commercial Vehicle Operator’s Registration. In Quebec, carriers are assigned a Register Identification Number (RIN). The RIN corresponds to the National Safety Code (NSC) number.

IFTA

The International Fuel Tax Agreement is an agreement among the 48 contiguous states and 10 Canadian provinces. Member jurisdictions act cooperatively to administer and collect motor fuel use taxes. You need an IFTA license if you travel in two or more member jurisdictions and your vehicle either weighs more than 26,000 pounds or has three or more axles regardless of weight. You have to file IFTA returns quarterly. 

IRP

Like IFTA, the International Registration Plan is a reciprocity agreement for administering and paying out annual vehicle registration fees. The fee amounts are based on the distance travelled in each jurisdiction. 

SCAC

The Standard Carrier Alpha Code is a unique code used to identify transportation companies. Certain groups of SCACs are reserved for specific purposes: codes ending with the letter “U” are reserved for the identification of freight containers, codes ending with the letter “X” are reserved for the identification of privately owned railroad cars, and codes ending with the letter “Z” are reserved for the identification of truck chassis and trailers used in intermodal service. The SCAC was developed by the National Motor Freight Traffic Association in the 1960s.

This is just the tip of the iceberg.

But if you’ve ever travelled abroad, you know how important it is to at least make an attempt at speaking the language. Your pronunciation may be awful, but asking for more wine in the mother tongue usually gets you an extra splash and a friendly smile.

The same is true with fleet taxes. Even if you hire a fleet tax pro as your interpreter and guide, take time to learn the basics before you venture out into the compliance world.